1. “No man should judge unless he asks himself in absolute honesty when there in a similar situation he might not have done the same”
2. “The ultimate cause of my friend’s death was that the expected liberation did not come and he was severely disappointed. …his faith in the future and his will to live had become paralyzed and his body fell victim to illness and this the voice in his dream was right after all.”
3. “He who has a why to live can bare anyhow”.
4. “It did not really matter what we expected from life, but rather what life expected from us. We need to stop asking about the meaning of life, and instead to think of ourselves as those who are being questioned by life-daily and hourly”.
5. “When a man finds that it is his destiny to suffer, he will have to accept his suffering as his task; his single and unique task. He will have to acknowledge the fact that even in suffering or suffer in his place. His unique opportunity lies in the way he bares his burden.”
6. “Life is expecting of you, don’t expect from life.”
7. “A man who becomes conscious of the responsibilities he bares toward a human being who affectionately waits for him, or to an unfinished work, will never be able to throw away his life. He knows the ‘why’ for his existence, and will be able to bare almost any ‘how'”.
8. “From this, we may learn that there are two races of men in this world, but only the two-the ‘race’ of the decent man and the ‘race’ of the indecent man. Both are found everywhere; they penetrate into all groups of society”.
9. “In comparison with psychoanalysis, is a method less retrospective and less introspective. Logotherapy focuses rather on the future, that is to say, on the meaning to be fulfilled by the patient in his future.”
Nietzsche: “He who has a way to live for can bear almost any how”.
10. “Thus, it can be seen that mental health is based on a cartoon degree of tension, the tension between what one has already achieved and what one still ought to accomplish, or the gap between what one is and what one should become”.
11. “What man needs is not homeostasis but what I call “noödynamicss…the existential dynamics in the polar field of tension where one pole is represented by a meaning that is to be fulfilled and the other pole by the man who had to fulfill it.”
The Existential Vacuum:
At the beginning of human history, man lost some of the basic animal instincts. “In addition to this, however, man has suffered another loss in his more recent development inasmuch as the traditions which buttressed his behavior are now rapidly diminishing. No instinct tells him what he has to do, and no tradition tells him what he ought to do. Instead, he either wishes to do what other people do (conformism) or he does what other people wish him to do (totalitarianism)”.
The existential Vacuum manifests itself mainly in a state of boredom.
12. “I doubt whether a doctor can answer this question in general terms. For the meaning of life differs from man to man, from day to day and from hour to hour. What matters, therefore, is not the meaning of life in general but rather the specific meaning of a persons life at any given moment”.
13. “Ultimately, a man should not ask what the meaning of his life is, but rather he must recognize that it is he who is asked. In a word, each man is questioned by life; and he can only respond by answering for his own life; to the life he can only respond by being responsible. Thus, logotherapy sees responsibleness the very essence of human existence”.
14. “Live as if you were living already for the second time and as if you had acted the first time as wrongly as you are about to act now!”
15. “The logotherapist’s role consists of widening and broadening the visual field of the patient so that the whole spectrum of potential meaning becomes conscious and vid able to him.”
16. “The more one forgets himself himself by giving himself to a cause to serve or another person to love the more human he is and the more he actualizes himself.”
Three ways to discover meaning in life according to logotherapy:
1. By creating a work or doing a deed.
2. By experiencing someone or encountering something.
3. By the attitude, we take to unavoidable suffering.
17. “Love is the only way to grasp another human being in the innermost core of his personality. No one can become fully aware of the very essence of another human being unless he loves him. By his love he is enabled to see the essential traits and features in the beloved person; and even more, he sees that which is potential in him, which is not yet actualized but yet ought to be actualized. Furthermore, by his love, the loving person enables the beloved person to actualize these potentialities. By making him aware of what he can be and of what he should become, he makes the potentialities come true”.
18. “For what then matters is bear witness to the uniquely human potential at its best, which us to transform a personal tragedy into a triumph, to turn one’s predicament into human achievement.”
A doctor who’s wife had passed away was feeling depressed and he could not get out of the psychological pattern. Victor decided to ask him a question:
“What would have happened, doctor, if you had died first and your wife would have survived you?”
The man replied she would have suffered like I am. Victor then said,
“You see, Doctor, such a suffering has been spared her, and it was you who have spared her this suffering to be sure, at the price that now you have to survive and mourn her.”
Change one’s attitude towards a situation this way they can find meaning within it.
19. “Our current mental-hygiene philosophy stresses the idea that people ought to be happy, that unhappiness is a symptom of maladjustment. Such a value system might be responsible for the fact that the burden if unavoidable unhappiness is increased by unhappiness about being happy”.
20. “Ironically enough, in the same way, that fear brings to pass what one us afraid of, likewise, a forces intention makes impossible what one forcibly wishes. This excuse intention, or ‘hyper-intention,’ as I call it, can be observed particularly in cases of sexual neurosis. The more a man tries to demonstrate his sexual potency or a woman her ability to experience orgasm, the less they are able to succeed. Pleasure is, and must remain a side-effect or by-product, and is destroyed and spoiled to the degree to which it is made a goal in itself”.
Logotherapy technique – Paradoxical Intention:
-fear brings out that which one us afraid of, and that hyper-intention makes impossible what one wishes.
-I’m this approach the phobic patient is invited to intend, even if only for a moment, precisely that which he fears.
Paradoxical intent cuts the vicious circle of the symptoms. It diminishes and finally atrophies them.
21. “It’s not the neurotic’s self-concern, whether pity or contempt, which breakers the circle formation; the cue is self-transcendence!”
22. “Man is not fully conditioned and determined but rather determines himself whether he gives into condition or stands up to them. In other words, man is ultimately self-determining. Man does not simply exist but always decides what his existence will be, what he will become in the next moment”.
23.“The perception of meaning boils down to becoming aware of a possibility against the background of reality or, to express it in plain words, to becoming aware of what can be done about a given situation”.
How does a human being go about finding meaning?
“All we can do is study the lives of people who seem to have found their answers to the questions of what ultimately human life is about as against those who have not”. -Charlotte Bühler
24. “As logotherapy teaches, there are three main avenues on which one arrives at meaning in life. The first is by creating a work or by doing a deed. The second is by experiencing by experiencing something or encountering someone; in other words, meaning can be found no only in work but also in love…the third meaning in life: even the helpless victim of a hopeless situation, facing a fate he Canaanite change, may rise above himself, may grow beyond himself, and by so doing change himself, may grow beyond himself, and by doing so may change himself.”
25. “Live as if you were living for the second time and had acted wrongly the first time as you are about to act now.”
“But everything great is just as difficult to realize as it is rare to find”. -Ethics of Spinoza
26. “It is we ourselves who must answer the questions that life asks of us, and to their questions, we can respond only by being responsible for our exist stance”.
27. “A human being is not one thing among others; things determine each other, but man is ultimately self-determining. What he becomes within the limits of endowment he has made out of himself”.